Category: Blog

The History of Beretta and the Replacement of the Colt M1911A1

The history of the Italian company, Pietro Beretta from Brescia, goes back to the fifteenth century. The company mainly mainly manufactured rifles and shotguns, but, around the turn of this century, started to produce pistols, mainly for the military market. In 1976 Beretta introduced the original pistol models 81 and 84. Later, the 83, 84, 85, and 87 Cheetah were developed from these. The Beretta 92 was created in 1976.

The great breakthrough came in 1977, when the U.S. Army organized trials to replace the old Colt M1911A1 service pistol. As a result of several tests conducted by the U.S. Air Force between 1978 and 1980, the research committee recommended in 1980 the adoption of the Italian Beretta 92S-1 pistol in caliber 9mm Parabellum. The Pentagon wanted a full-scale trial, in which as many pistols in 9mm Parabellum as possible would be tested. For this, a standard specification was drawn up in June 1981 called the JSOR (Joint Service Operational Requirement), in which the chosen pistol was to be designated as the PDW-XM9 (Personal Defense Weapon). The list of technical requirements contained fifty attributes that the pistols had to comply with. These were called the AQRs (Absolute Quantitative Requirements). At the end of 1981 the race began. Participants included, among others, Beretta, Heckler & Koch, Smith & Wesson, and Sig-Sauer. The testing programme was stopped quite suddenly in February 1982, because none of the pistols on trial could meet all the requirements. In 1982, a new list was published, in which less rigid requirements were demanded. In November 1983 a formal request was issued to all gun manufacturers to put test guns at the government’s disposal. The participating manufacturers had to deliver thirty test pistols to the community, free of charge. Eight companies supplied test guns:

1. Beretta [with the M92SB-1 pistol]
2. Sig-Sauer [with the P226]
3. Steyr [with their GB]
4. Colt [with a new SSP (stainless steel pistol)]
5. FN-Browning [new DA pistol]
6. Heckler & Koch [with the P7-M13]
7. Walther [with the P88]
8. Smith & Wesson [with the M459]

The first to lose was the Steyr GB. FN-Browning withdrew from the contest, followed by Colt. For technical reasons the Walther P88, the HK P7-M13, and the S&W M459 disappeared from the scene. Consequently, only two pistols remained in the race: the Sig-Sauer P226 and the Beretta M92SB-1. Both companies made an offer for the delivery of 305,580 pistols, to be produced in five years’ time. Sig-Sauer asked $176.33 U.S. per item, while Beretta came to a price of $178.50 U.S. Eventually, Beretta received the order, because the overall price, including the spare parts, was around $3,000,000 U.S.—below the Sig-Sauer offer. To get a better estimate please visit website to see a full catalogue.

So the Beretta M92SB-F (for final) was adopted as the official service handgun for the joint U.S. Armed forces under the name of M9. Later, the order was increased to a total of 320,030 pistols. Protests allowed! The U.S. manufacturers, in particular, could not bear the fact that a foreign pistol had been chosen. Furthermore Smith & Wesson, Heckler & Koch, and Sig-Sauer filed a complaint, which was turned down. Smith & Wesson went a step further and started a lawsuit against the Department of Defense, on the grounds of, according the S&W, incorrect test procedures. This lawsuit was also rejected. Still, Smith & Wesson did not sit down in despair. Through a great deal of lobbying in the U.S. Congress, they were able to initiate a new test programme! The decision was made in June 1988. The former contract with Beretta had to stand, but a new trial, the XM-10, had to be developed for a second and additional supply series of 142,292 pistols. The new contestants were Beretta, Sig-Sauer, Ruger (with the P85 pistol), and Smith & Wesson. The others were not successful. On May 24, 1989, the Pentagon announced that Beretta had again won the trials, and was being granted a second order fro 142,292 pistols. To meet American complaints about the choice of a foreign made army pistol, Beretta founded a separate company, Beretta USA corporation, in Accokeek, Maryland.\

Additional Sources:

http://ar15upperreceiver.net/best-ar-15-manufacturers/

Wedding Reception Preparation Tips

The wedding day is the day that awaited by all couples, and preparing for a wedding is an inseparable part of wedding planning.
For those of you who are currently planning a wedding reception, these are the following tips for your wedding reception.
There are some good tips to be prepared long in advance before the wedding day, here are some tips on preparing for a wedding reception

Share your opinion with spouse

Your partner is the biggest part of your wedding, and creative ideas might be your input is not thought of before.
You may agree or disagree with the idea, but with a decision you both will make a beautiful wedding for you and your partner

Plan the number of guests

Calculate the number of guests that will be present on the day of your wedding reception, do not just count the number of friends and relatives and spouses who have been married since they usually also took his family to the wedding.
Negotiate anyone who would you invite to your wedding with your partner, because of the guests in attendance should include guests from your family, partner families, and acquaintances you two.

Menu

After determining the number of guests, then prepare a number of Menu will not be too difficult, if you are planning to hire a catering service, consult with those who have held a wedding reception for seeking opinions, input and recommendations of the best catering provider.

Place

Do not forget to plan the venue for the wedding reception, both indoors and outdoors, plan laying guest chairs, wedding table centerpiece, and other bridal chamber.

Theme

Planning one is challenging your creativity and your partner, remember that this is a marriage ceremony of you two, which of course also have to be able to satisfy and happy you and your partner .
Planning this theme also includes clothing and makeup to be worn by your families and couples as well.

Budget

This is the most important thing of any planning your wedding, be realistic in planning the wedding reception, based on the budget you and your partner have, however wedding reception lasted only one day, consider the balance between your wedding budget and your feature saving.

Hiring a wedding planner

If you have trouble planning all the wedding reception itself, there is nothing wrong if you hire the services of a wedding planner, the idea and creativity should be the benchmark for your wedding planner.

Hopefully with the right wedding reception preparation, your wedding day will beautifully great and you will get the best day of your wedding day.